The Ministry of Transport and Communications is engaged in international co-operation and is responsible for drafting legislation on how vehicles are constructed, equipped and loaded. It also regulates vehicle inspections and registration, among others. The Vehicles Act (1090/2002) provides a basic framework for Finland's current legislation in the area.
In relation to vehicles the Ministry aims to:
There are some five million road traffic vehicles in Finland, and decisions concerning these have a direct impact on the everyday existence of businesses and people. Vehicles play a variety of roles in our society, depending on the point of view. For example, vehicles provide jobs for inspectors. In terms of the national economy, vehicles are a key source of tax revenue. Vehicle emissions, on the other hand, affect climate change, thus making them a major environmental factor.
The majority of decisions affecting vehicle use are made at the EU level and by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe.
The Finnish Transport Safety Agency is responsible for the approval of vehicles and components, vehicle registration and tax, supervision of vehicle inspections, the organisation of driving tests and driving licence registration. The activities of the Transport Safety Agency are supervised by the Ministry.
Legislation concerning vehicles is drafted not just by the Ministry of Transport and Communications but by a number of other Ministries, too: