The Ministry of Transport and Communications prepares legislation on bus and coach transport. In matters concerning legislation, guidance is provided by the Ministry of Transport and Communications and in matters concerning operating licences by the Finnish Transport Agency and regional Centres of Economic Development, Transport and the Environment (ELY Centres).
The provision of professional passenger transport services in return for payment is subject to licence. Licensed passenger transport by bus or coach is regulated by the Public Transport Act (869/2009).
The national standard of service in bus and coach transport is set by the Ministry of Transport and Communications. The Finnish Transport Agency is a central government agency operating under the Ministry of Transport and Communications. It is responsible for maintaining and developing the service level of the transport infrastructure administered by the government.
The competent authorities in bus and coach transport are the ELY Centres and the other 26 municipal authorities mentioned in the Public Transport Act (869/2009). In collaboration with the municipalities, regional councils and businesses, the competent regional authorities decide on the service level in their own area of competence. Transport operators are responsible for the planning of services provided on the market.
The Ministry and Finnish Transport Agency together with the competent regional authorities procure and develop transport services by making use of appropriations allocated for the promotion of public transport.
The EU Regulation on public service obligations establishes how public authorities may intervene in the market to guarantee the quantity and quality of public transport services. When authorities conclude contracts on the public procurement of public transport services, the provisions of the Regulation and other legislation on public procurement must be observed.