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Buses and coaches

  1. Mission of the Ministry of Transport and Communications
  2. Competent authorities
  3. Bus and coach transport and the Ministry's branch of government
  4. EU Regulation on public service obligation

1. Mission of the Ministry of Transport and Communications

The Ministry of Transport and Communications prepares legislation on bus and coach transport. In matters concerning legislation, guidance is provided by the Ministry of Transport and Communications and in matters concerning operating licences by the Finnish Transport Agency and the regional ELY Centres.

The provision of professional passenger transport services in return for payment is subject to licence. Licensed passenger transport by bus or coach is regulated by the Public transport act (869/2009).

The national standard of service in bus and coach transport is determined by the Ministry of Transport and Communications. The Finnish Transport Agency is a central government agency operating under the Ministry of Transport and Communications. It is responsible for maintaining and developing the service level of the transport infrastructure administered by the government. 

2. Competent authorities

The competent authorities in bus and coach transport are the ELY Centres and the other 26 municipal authorities mentioned in the Public transport act (869/2009). The competent regional authorities decide - in collaboration with the municipalities, regional councils and businesses - on the service level in their own area of competence. Transport operators are responsible for the planning of services provided through the market.

3. Bus and coach transport and the Ministry's branch of government

The Ministry and the Finnish Transport Agency together with the competent regional authorities purchase and develop transport services by making use of appropriations allocated for the promotion of public transport.

  • The Finnish Transport Agency develops the operational preconditions for public transport and grants aid for purchasing and developing public transport infrastructure and services.
  • The competent authorities develop, among other things, regional transport planning, demand-responsive transport, service transport and fare systems.

4. EU Regulation on public service obligation 

The EU Regulation on public service obligations establishes how public authorities may intervene in the market to guarantee the quantity and quality of public transport services.  When authorities conclude contracts on the public procurement of public transport services, the provisions of the Regulation and other legislation on public procurement must be observed.