Television and radio operations in terrestrial networks are subject to a programme licence, which gives the right to broadcast or provide programmes.
The Finnish Broadcasting Company (YLE) has the right to broadcast radio and television programmes without an operating licence within the frequencies that have been allocated to it by the Government.
Television operation licences apply to the antenna network. Radio operating licences are issued for local and regional radio services and for special radio broadcasting purposes. Special radio broadcasting operates across a broader area than regional radios, and this area is defined separately in the operating licence.
The Government issues a call for applications for operating licences and issues them upon the proposal of the Ministry of Transport and Communications. Operating licences for short-term use are issued by the Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority (FICORA). Beginning in 2015, programme licences will primarily be issued by FICORA.