Energy and the environment
The most central challenges in environmental policy in the transport sector lie in mitigating climate change, improving the living environment, reducing the adverse health impacts of transport and protecting the Baltic Sea.
Road transport is a particular target area for environmental measures associated with transport, as in this respect, meeting the targets is mainly in our own hands. The objectives and measures for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in air and maritime transport are mainly outlined in international agreements.
A further objective is to make the Finnish ICT infrastructure more energy-efficient. Attention will be paid to energy consumption of server centres, for example.
In 2013, transport services accounted for 16.5 per cent of the final energy consumption in Finland and around 40 per cent of oil-based energy.
The aim in the Government Programme is to raise the share of renewable transport fuels to 40 per cent by 2030. Efforts are also made to increase the number of cars that use alternative power sources (hybrid, electricity, flexifuel, bio-gas).
Greenhouse gas emissions from domestic transport in 2013 amounted to around one fifth of all greenhouse gas emissions in Finland and to around 40 per cent of the emissions in the non-emission trading sector.