Information about Brexit in the administrative branch of the Ministry of Transport and Communications

In the administrative branch of the Ministry of Transport and Communications, Brexit will impact both people and businesses. The impacts will mainly concern the transport sector. The single most important question is air transport.

Current situation

With the UK's withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, a transition period will begin until the end of 2020. During the transition period, the current rules will continue to be in place as if the UK were still a member of the EU. The EU and the UK will negotiate their future relationship during 2020. Due to the tight negotiation schedule, some sectors may fall outside the scope of the agreement starting on 1 January 2021. Businesses in particular should be prepared for this possibility.

Withdrawal agreement and transition period

The EU–UK withdrawal agreement enters into force on 1 February 2020. The withdrawal agreement will dismantle all cooperation based on the UK’s EU membership in an orderly manner. The withdrawal agreement does not lay down provisions on the future relationship between the EU and the UK.

The withdrawal agreement provides for a transition period until the end of 2020, during which the relationship between the EU and the UK will continue under the EU’s current rules, as if the UK were still a member of the EU. The only significant exception is that, during the transition period, the UK will no longer participate in EU decision-making or in the activities of EU bodies.

Future relationship between the EU and the UK

The EU and the UK will negotiate their future relationship during 2020. The aim is for the future relationship to enter into force once the transition period is over on 1 January 2021. Further information on the future relationship will be provided later as the negotiations proceed.

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