Minister Harakka: Commission’s new proposal for TEN-T Regulation unreasonable for Finland
In December 2021, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a new Regulation on Union guidelines for the development of the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T). The proposal has been discussed in the working groups of the Council of the European Union and in the European Parliament.
On 27 July 2022, the Commission published a new proposal amending the proposal for the TEN-T Regulation in order to respond to the changed global political situation.
The Commission’s proposed amendment includes an unreasonable obligation for Finland. According to the proposal, new rail connections should be developed with a European standard nominal track gauge (1,435 mm) and also a migration plan should be developed towards this European standard nominal track gauge for all existing lines, with the exception of the lines where this is not justified based on a cost-benefit analysis.
Lines where construction has begun before the Regulation’s entry into force will not be considered new rail connections. In Finland, this obligation would apply to the sections of line currently planned by the project companies, especially to the Finland Railway project company and the eastern rail link project company. For the project company planning the one-hour Helsinki-Turku fast rail link, the requirement would probably only apply to the new Espoo-Salo section.
Minister of Transport and Communications Timo Harakka considers that Finland should be given a derogation from the requirement to migrate to a European nominal track gauge.
“Finland does not accept these changes to the rail gauge, and I believe that our views will be heard during further discussions. It is quite clear that Finland’s special conditions must be taken into account and our existing rail gauge must be maintained. Changing the rail gauge would not be economically or operationally feasible. Decisions of this importance should not be made hastily; instead, their impacts should be properly scrutinised,” says Minister Harakka.
Position of Eastern Finland must be secured
The Commission proposes that the last sections of the cross-border connections with Russia and Belarus (the “last miles”) should be downgraded from the core network to the comprehensive network. The European Transport Corridors would then be adapted according to these changes.
For Finland, the Commission proposes that the core railway network be ended in Kouvola (instead of Vainikkala), the core road network in Hamina (instead of Vaalimaa) and the Scandinavian-Mediterranean Corridor be ended on the Kouvola-Kotka-Hamina axle instead of the Russian border.
“These transport connections would remain the responsibility of the TEN-T network, and EU funding would be available for them. However, as any proposed changes must not undermine the position of Eastern Finland, we cannot accept this amendment either,” says Minister Harakka.
The Commission also proposes that the TEN-T network be extended to Ukraine and Moldova, and that Russia and Belarus be removed from TEN-T maps, as the expansion of the TEN-T network to these countries is no longer an objective.
What comes next?
During the drafting process, the Ministry of Transport and Communications has sought to ensure that the requirement concerning the migration to a different rail gauge would not apply to Finland. The discussion on the proposal to amend the TEN-T Regulation will continue in the Council of the European Union in the autumn, and Finland will continue its efforts to influence the decision-making.
The Finnish Parliament will be informed of the proposed amendment as soon as possible through a follow-up Union communication.
Johanna Juselius, Special Adviser to the Minister, email@example.com, tel. +358 295 342 141
Eeva Ovaska, Senior Specialist, firstname.lastname@example.org, tel. +358 50 471 1023 (2.-3.8.2022)
- Press release, 23 February 2022: The Government outlined its views on the European Commission’s proposal on the TEN-T Regulation